China OEM Drive Pipe Spline Shaft Disc Flange Gear Rubber Jaw Motor Spacer Beam Rigid Fluid Chain Nm Mh HRC Pin Fenaflex Spacer Elastomeric Flexible Gear Coupling

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Drive Pipe Spline Shaft Disc Flange Gear Rubber Jaw Motor Spacer Beam Rigid Fluid Chain Nm Mh HRC Pin Fenaflex Spacer Elastomeric Flexible Gear Coupling

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Coupling refers to a device that connects 2 shafts or shafts and rotating parts, rotates together during the transmission of motion and power, and does not disengage under normal conditions. Sometimes it is also used as a safety device to prevent the connected parts from bearing excessive load, which plays the role of overload protection.

Couplings can be divided into rigid couplings and flexible couplings.
Rigid couplings do not have buffering property and the ability to compensate the relative displacement of 2 axes. It is required that the 2 axes be strictly aligned. However, such couplings are simple in structure, low in manufacturing cost, convenient in assembly and disassembly, and maintenance, which can ensure that the 2 axes are relatively neutral, have large transmission torque, and are widely used. Commonly used are flange coupling, sleeve coupling and jacket coupling.

Flexible coupling can also be divided into flexible coupling without elastic element and flexible coupling with elastic element. The former type only has the ability to compensate the relative displacement of 2 axes, but cannot cushion and reduce vibration. Common types include slider coupling, gear coupling, universal coupling and chain coupling; The latter type contains elastic elements. In addition to the ability to compensate the relative displacement of 2 axes, it also has the functions of buffering and vibration reduction. However, due to the strength of elastic elements, the transmitted torque is generally inferior to that of flexible couplings without elastic elements. Common types include elastic sleeve pin couplings, elastic pin couplings, quincunx couplings, tire type couplings, serpentine spring couplings, spring couplings, etc

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flexible gear coupling

Compensation for Axial, Angular, and Parallel Misalignments with Flexible Gear Couplings

Flexible gear couplings are known for their ability to accommodate various types of misalignments, including axial, angular, and parallel misalignments. Here’s how they compensate for each type:

  • Axial Misalignment: Axial misalignment occurs when the two shafts move closer or farther away from each other along the axis of rotation. Flexible gear couplings can absorb this type of misalignment through their flexible design, allowing the gear teeth to articulate and adjust to the axial movement without transmitting harmful forces to the connected equipment.
  • Angular Misalignment: Angular misalignment occurs when the two shafts are not collinear and form an angle with each other. Flexible gear couplings can accommodate angular misalignment by allowing the gear teeth to articulate and flex as the shafts are angularly displaced. This flexibility ensures that torque transmission remains smooth and minimizes stress on the coupling and connected equipment.
  • Parallel Misalignment: Parallel misalignment happens when the two shafts are offset horizontally while maintaining parallelism. Flexible gear couplings can handle this misalignment by utilizing their flexible elements to adjust to the lateral displacement of the shafts. The ability to compensate for parallel misalignment prevents excessive forces from being transmitted to the machinery, protecting it from damage.

Thanks to their design and material properties, flexible gear couplings provide a reliable solution for compensating for axial, angular, and parallel misalignments, making them suitable for a wide range of applications in various industries.

flexible gear coupling

Design Considerations for Selecting a Flexible Gear Coupling

When selecting a flexible gear coupling for a specific application, several design considerations are crucial to ensure optimal performance and reliability:

  • Torque Capacity: Determine the maximum torque requirement of the application and choose a coupling with sufficient torque capacity to handle the transmitted loads without exceeding its limits.
  • Speed: Consider the operating speed of the machinery and select a coupling that can handle the rotational speed without generating excessive heat or vibrations.
  • Misalignment Tolerance: Assess the expected misalignment between the shafts in the system and choose a coupling that can accommodate both angular and parallel misalignments within acceptable limits.
  • Service Environment: Evaluate the working conditions, including temperature, humidity, and the presence of corrosive agents, and select a coupling made from materials suitable for the specific environment.
  • Space Limitations: Take into account the available space for the coupling installation and choose a compact design that fits within the available constraints.
  • Alignment Maintenance: Consider the ease of alignment and maintenance requirements of the selected coupling. Some couplings may require more frequent maintenance than others.
  • Backlash: Evaluate the application’s tolerance for backlash (angular play) in the coupling and select a design that meets the required precision.
  • Torsional Stiffness: Determine the need for torsional stiffness in the system to avoid torsional vibrations and ensure accurate torque transmission.
  • Resonance Avoidance: Identify potential resonance frequencies in the system and choose a coupling that helps avoid resonance, preventing amplified vibrations.
  • Cost: Consider the budget constraints and compare the cost-effectiveness of different coupling options while ensuring the selected coupling meets all the necessary requirements.

By carefully considering these design factors, engineers and designers can choose the most suitable flexible gear coupling for their specific application, ensuring smooth operation, reduced maintenance, and extended equipment lifespan.

flexible gear coupling

Flexible Gear Coupling: Function and Operation

A flexible gear coupling is a type of mechanical coupling used to connect two shafts in a power transmission system. It consists of two hubs with external gear teeth and an elastomeric flexible element between them. The flexible element can be made of materials such as polyurethane, rubber, or synthetic materials with high torsional flexibility and damping properties.

The function of a flexible gear coupling is to transmit torque between the connected shafts while accommodating misalignments and absorbing shocks and vibrations. When the shafts are misaligned due to angular, parallel, or axial displacements, the flexible element allows the hubs to move relative to each other, thus minimizing the transmission of misalignment forces to the connected machinery.

The operation of a flexible gear coupling involves the following steps:

  1. The torque from the driving shaft is transmitted to the first hub with external gear teeth.
  2. The external gear teeth on the first hub mesh with the internal gear teeth on the flexible element.
  3. As the flexible element deforms under torque and misalignment, it allows the second hub to rotate while maintaining contact with the first hub.
  4. The torque is then transmitted from the flexible element to the second hub, which drives the driven shaft.

The flexibility of the elastomeric element in a flexible gear coupling allows it to dampen vibrations and shocks that may occur during operation, thereby protecting the connected equipment from potential damage. Additionally, its ability to accommodate misalignment reduces stress on the shafts and bearings, extending the life of the power transmission system.

China OEM Drive Pipe Spline Shaft Disc Flange Gear Rubber Jaw Motor Spacer Beam Rigid Fluid Chain Nm Mh HRC Pin Fenaflex Spacer Elastomeric Flexible Gear Coupling  China OEM Drive Pipe Spline Shaft Disc Flange Gear Rubber Jaw Motor Spacer Beam Rigid Fluid Chain Nm Mh HRC Pin Fenaflex Spacer Elastomeric Flexible Gear Coupling
editor by CX 2024-04-25


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